Radioactivity in geologic dating
Additionally, elements may exist in different isotopes, with each isotope of an element differing in the number of neutrons in the nucleus.A particular isotope of a particular element is called a nuclide. That is, at some point in time, an atom of such a nuclide will undergo radioactive decay and spontaneously transform into a different nuclide.They point to a catastrophic origin for granites, consistent with the biblical timeframe for earth history and God’s judgment during the Flood. Its crust is continually being created, modified, and destroyed.
In addition to the ages of Earth, Moon, and meteorites, radiometric dating has been used to determine ages of fossils, including early man, timing of glaciations, ages of mineral deposits, recurrence rates of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the history of reversals of Earth's magnetic field, and the age and duration of a wide variety of other geological events and processes.By 1907 study of the decay products of uranium (lead and intermediate radioactive elements that decay to lead) demonstrated to B. Boltwood that the lead/uranium ratio in uranium minerals increased with geologic age and might provide a geological dating tool.As radioactive Parent atoms decay to stable daughter atoms (as uranium decays to lead) each disintegration results in one more atom of the daughter than was initially present and one less atom of the parent.These radioactive elements constitute independent clocks that allow geologists to determine the age of the rocks in which they occur.The radioactive parent elements used to date rocks and minerals are: Radiometric dating using the naturally-occurring radioactive elements is simple in concept even though technically complex.
As a result, rocks that record its earliest history have not been found and probably no longer exist.